Outline of Canada's Court System

Sunday, March 7, 2010

The court system of Canada is made up of many courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. Some of the court is federal in nature while others are provincial or territorial.

The Canadian constitution gives the federal government the exclusive right to legislate criminal law while the provinces have exclusive control over civil law. The provinces have jurisdiction over the administration of justice in their territory. Almost all cases, whether criminal or civil, start in provincial courts and may be eventually appealed to higher level courts. The quite small system of federal courts only hear cases concerned with matters which are under exclusive federal control, such as immigration. The federal government appoints and pays for both the judges of the federal courts and the judges of the superior-level court of each province. The provincial governments are responsible for appointing judges of the lower provincial courts.


Unknown November 15, 2010 at 10:20 AM  

I was looking for a reputable family law lawyer (Los Angeles based) when I stumbled upon this article.
Great flowchart. The hierarchy is much easier to understand this way, and could create less confusion on which to approach first for a given case. I've got to show this to my Long Beach attorney, and my Long Beach lawyer.

StephaniePumphrey September 13, 2012 at 2:23 PM  

If you have recently faced an accident due to another person's mistake and are not sure if you should hire an attorney, there are a number of factors you must consider first. First of all, you must consider the property damage suffered. If it is not a major setback, you may as well just skip hiring an attorney and settle the case with your insurer.

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